What is Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is a cactus plant that belongs to the Liliaceae family. It originates from the Arabian Peninsula but grows wild in tropical climates around the world and is cultivated for agricultural and has been used medicinally for centuries.
Chemical Constituents of Aloe Vera
Aloe vera gel is 99% of water with a pH of 4.5 and is a common ingredient in many non-prescription skin salves. The gel has an emollient polysaccharide, glucomannan. It is a good moisturizer, and is used in many cosmetics.
– Anthraquinones /Anthrones: Aloe emodin, aloetic acid, anthranol, aloin A and B,
isobarbaloin emodin ester of cinnamic acid are also found in Aloe vera.
– Vitamins/ Minerals: It provides vitamin C, A, E, B, B Carotene, Zinc, Calcium, Copper,
Magnesium, Manganese and phosphates.
– Enzymes: It contains alliase, alkaline phosphatase amylase catalase, lipase peroxidase and
corboxy peptidase enzymes.
– Amino acids: It provides 20 of the 22 human required amino acids and 7 of the 8 essential
– Plant sterols: 4 plants steroids campestrol, cholesterol, bsitosterol and lupeol.
Benefits of Aloe Vera for Skin
1. It treats sunburn.
Aloe Vera helps with sunburn through its powerful healing activity at the epithelial level of the skin, a layer of cells that cover the body. It acts as a protective layer on the skin and helps replenish its moisture. Because of its nutritional qualities and antioxidant properties, the skin heals quicker.
2. It acts as a moisturizer.
Aloe moisturizes the skin without giving it a greasy feel, so it`s perfect for anyone with an oily skin complexion. For women who use mineral-based make-up, aloe vera acts as a moisturizer and is great for the face prior to the application to prevents skin drying. For men: Aloe vera gel can be used as an aftershave treatment as its healing properties can treat small cuts caused by shaving.
3. It treats acne.
Aloe vera gel contains two hormones: Auxin and Gibberellins. These two hormones provide wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties that reduce skin inflammation. Giberellin in aloe vera acts as a growth hormone stimulating the growth of new cells. It allows the skin to heal quickly and naturally with minimal scarring.
Aloe is soothing and can reduce skin inflammations, blistering and itchiness, while helping the skin to heal more rapidly. Additionally, in Ayurvedic medicine, Aloe is used to effectively heal chronic skin problems, such as psoriasis, acne and eczema.
4. It fights aging.
As we age, everyone begins to worry about the appearance of fine lines and the loss of elasticity in their skin. Aloe leaves contain a plethora of antioxidants including, beta carotene, vitamin C and E that can help improve the skin’s natural firmness and keep the skin hydrated.
5. It lessens the visibility of stretch marks.
The skin is like one big piece of elastic that’ll expand and contract as needed to accommodate growth. But if the skin stretches too far, too fast (due to pregnancy, rapid weight gain or loss) the elasticity of the skin can be damaged. That’s what leaves those unsightly stretch marks. These marks appear due to minor tears in the layers of the skin caused by sudden and excessive stretching. Aloe vera gel can help hide these stretch marks by healing these wounds.